What are the Signs and Symptoms of Klinefelter’s Syndrome?
Often signs and symptoms of Klineflelter’s syndrome are not recognised until the male hits puberty. In small children the signs may often go unrecognised or be mistaken for something else. In children it seems to affect their development, cognitive abilities and social development. Often signs are so general that it may be difficult to spot that a child affected by Klinefelter’s syndrome has it atall and as they are so broad even if the child has one or more it may not mean they have KS.
Signs of Klinefletre’s syndrome in children:
- Problems with coordination. Children may have difficulties when it comes to coordination development and may have Dyspraxia. This can affect a child’s motor skills as in walking, jumping, throwing and catching an object. Or even smaller tasks such a drawing, painting eating with utensils. The child may show difficulty in processing thoughts and language development.
- Attention problems. The child may not be able to concentrate for long periods of time and lose concentration easily. Be distracted easily.
- Mild learning difficulties may be present. The child may be more challenged in school when it comes to reading and writing and understanding some educational lessons.
- Dyslexia. When a child has difficulty reading fluently but has a ‘normal’ intelligence. Often the ability to spell words is affected too with dyslexia. The disorder is considered as a spectrum disorder and can range from mild to severe.
- Speech and language delay. A child can often show signs of not being able to talk at the correct mildstone and speech is considered delayed.
- Delay in walking. As with speech the child may walk at a later stage to those of his peers and his walking maybe classed as delayed.
- Behavioural Problems. Children or young adults with KS tend to be shy and not have a lot of self-confidence.
Signs of Klinefelter’s syndrome in adults:
- Intellectual disability. Adults with KS may find it more difficult getting or holding a job as they may not be as advanced educationally as some of their peers.
- They may have distinctive facial features. Some male facial characteristics who have KS may mirror other males with KS.
- Poor coordination. As mentioned with child symptoms with KS this may follow through to adulthood and coordination may be poor.
- Poor language and speech. Poor language skills may still be apparent form childhood.
Skeleton structure maybe affected. The way the body grows may be different as they may grow taller than other males.
- Sometime adults born with extra chromosomes are more easily at risk to get illnesses.
A major part of having Klinefelter’s syndrome is that it largely affects the males sexual development often males with KS have problems with the development of the genitals and reproductive system. Males affected usually have small testes which do not function normally and the reduction in testosterone is present. If the right levels of testosterone are not present within a male he may have less facial and body hair than expected, breast tissue may develop which in turn may put him at the same risk as a women of getting breast cancer and his sex drive may be reduced. There is a very high risk that a male with KS will be infertile as he may produce very little or no sperm. An opening can develop on the underside of the man penis and his penis may be considered small. Due to the lack of testosterone males with KS maybe susceptible to cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. Autoimmune diseases such as lupus can be an increase risk and diabetes and deep vein thrombosis.